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Cigarette Smoking Among Socioeconomically Disadvantaged Young Adults in Association with Food Insecurity and Other Factors (Preventing Chronic Disease)

Publication Topics

California Health Interview Survey; 2011 California Health Interview Survey (CHIS 2011); 2012 California Health Interview Survey (CHIS 2012); Health Behaviors; Tobacco/Smoking; Low-Income; Women; Hispanic/Latino

Publication Type

CHIS Journal Article

Publication Date


Author 1

<a onclick="OpenPopUpPage('{7AAD61FA-4BCB-48C0-B0B7-87AFDC3673EF}&ID=1330&RootFolder=*', RefreshPage); return false;" href="{7AAD61FA-4BCB-48C0-B0B7-87AFDC3673EF}&ID=1330&RootFolder=*">Jin E. Kim-Mozeleski</a>

Author 2

<a onclick="OpenPopUpPage('{7AAD61FA-4BCB-48C0-B0B7-87AFDC3673EF}&ID=1331&RootFolder=*', RefreshPage); return false;" href="{7AAD61FA-4BCB-48C0-B0B7-87AFDC3673EF}&ID=1331&RootFolder=*">Janice Y. Tsoh</a>

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​Low socioeconomic status is associated with high rates of cigarette smoking, and socioeconomic differences in cigarette smoking tend to emerge during young adulthood. Authors analyzed data from the 2011–2012 California Health Interview Survey. The analytic sample consisted of young adults aged 18–30 years who were considered socioeconomically disadvantaged as measured by education and poverty.

The study found that in this sample (48% female, 66% Hispanic/Latino, 18% non-Hispanic white), 39.7% reported experiencing food insecurity in the past year. Smoking prevalence was significantly higher among young adults who reported being food insecure (26.9%) than among those who reported being food secure (16.4%). Past-year food insecurity was significantly associated with current smoking, independent of sociodemographic characteristics and alcohol use. Specifically, food insecurity was significantly associated with daily but not nondaily smoking.


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Journal Article: Cigarette Smoking Among Socioeconomically Disadvantaged Young Adults in Association with Food Insecurity and Other Factors

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Press Release

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California Health Interview Survey (CHIS)

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Last modified at 6/2/2016 2:29 PM by i:0#.f|uclachissqlmembershipprovider|celeste