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Relationships between Sexual Orientation, Weight, and Health in a Population-Based Sample of California Women (Women's Health Issues)

Publication Topics

California Health Interview Survey; 2003 California Health Interview Survey (CHIS 2003); 2005 California Health Interview Survey (CHIS 2005); 2007 California Health Interview Survey (CHIS 2007); 2009 California Health Interview Survey (CHIS 2009); 2011 California Health Interview Survey (CHIS 2011); 2012 California Health Interview Survey (CHIS 2012); 2013 California Health Interview Survey (CHIS 2013); Women; Chronic Condition Prevalence; Diabetes; Asthma

Publication Type

CHIS Journal Article

Publication Date


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​Most biomedical research has reported associations between weight and physical health problems; little is known about whether those associations vary by sexual identity. Pooled data from the 2003 through 2013 waves of the California Health Interview Survey (CHIS) were used to construct logistic regression models to examine whether the associations between weight and four chronic conditions (type 2 diabetes, hypertension, heart disease, and asthma) varied by sexual identity.

A total of 97,720 heterosexual and 2,822 lesbian/bisexual women comprised the analytic sample. There was a significant interaction between weight status and sexual identity for all four chronic diseases. Among lesbian/bisexual women, weight status was positively associated with heart disease, hypertension, asthma, and diabetes, although the associations between any weight status and heart disease, and between overweight and asthma, were not statistically significant. Among heterosexual women, weight status was positively and significantly associated with heart disease, hypertension, asthma, and diabetes. Except for overweight and heart disease, these associations remained significant after adjustment for covariates.


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Journal Article: Relationships between Sexual Orientation, Weight, and Health in a Population-Based Sample of California Women

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Press Release

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California Health Interview Survey (CHIS)

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Last modified at 6/12/2017 1:44 PM by i:0#.f|uclachissqlmembershipprovider|celeste