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Mediators of Socioeconomic Differences in Adiposity Among Youth: A Systematic Review (Obesity Reviews)

Publication Topics

Adolescents/Children; Diet and Nutrition; Physical Activity; Obesity/Overweight; Tobacco/Smoking

Publication Type

Journal Article

Publication Date


Author 1

<a onclick="OpenPopUpPage('{7AAD61FA-4BCB-48C0-B0B7-87AFDC3673EF}&ID=1479&RootFolder=*', RefreshPage); return false;" href="{7AAD61FA-4BCB-48C0-B0B7-87AFDC3673EF}&ID=1479&RootFolder=*">Mekdes K. Gebremariam</a>

Author 2

<a onclick="OpenPopUpPage('{7AAD61FA-4BCB-48C0-B0B7-87AFDC3673EF}&ID=79&RootFolder=*', RefreshPage); return false;" href="{7AAD61FA-4BCB-48C0-B0B7-87AFDC3673EF}&ID=79&RootFolder=*">Onyebuchi A. Arah, MD, PhD, MPH</a>

Author 3

<a onclick="OpenPopUpPage('{7AAD61FA-4BCB-48C0-B0B7-87AFDC3673EF}&ID=151&RootFolder=*', RefreshPage); return false;" href="{7AAD61FA-4BCB-48C0-B0B7-87AFDC3673EF}&ID=151&RootFolder=*">et al</a>

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The aim of this review was to summarize existing evidence regarding the factors that mediate or contribute to the explanation of the relationship between socioeconomic position and adiposity among youth.

A systematic literature search, conducted using the databases Medline, Embase, Web of Science and PsycINFO, yielded 28 eligible studies. These studies were of low to moderate methodological quality.
The most consistent mediators of the association between socioeconomic position and adiposity identified in this review were as follows: consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages, television viewing, computer use, parental body mass index, breastfeeding duration, breakfast consumption, maternal smoking during pregnancy and infant feeding practices.
The mediating role of physical activity as well as fruit and vegetable consumption was found to be indeterminate. Other potential mediators were explored in too few studies to make conclusions about their mediating role.
Authors found several modifiable factors that could be targeted as feasible in interventions aimed at reducing socioeconomic differences in overweight and obesity among youth. 


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Journal Article: Mediators of Socioeconomic Differences in Adiposity Among Youth: A Systematic Review

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Press Release

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Version: 2.0
Created at 10/19/2017 11:40 AM by i:0#.f|uclachissqlmembershipprovider|celeste
Last modified at 10/19/2017 11:41 AM by i:0#.f|uclachissqlmembershipprovider|celeste