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Trends in Food Insecurity Among California Residents from 2001 to 2011: Inequities at the Intersection of Immigration Status and Ethnicity (Preventive Medicine)

Publication Topics

California Health Interview Survey; 2001 CA Health Interview Survey (CHIS 2001); 2003 California Health Interview Survey (CHIS 2003); 2005 California Health Interview Survey (CHIS 2005); 2007 California Health Interview Survey (CHIS 2007); 2009 California Health Interview Survey (CHIS 2009); 2011 California Health Interview Survey (CHIS 2011); Diet and Nutrition; Immigrant; Hispanic/Latino; Asian

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CHIS Journal Article

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<a onclick="OpenPopUpPage('{7AAD61FA-4BCB-48C0-B0B7-87AFDC3673EF}&ID=1579&RootFolder=*', RefreshPage); return false;" href="{7AAD61FA-4BCB-48C0-B0B7-87AFDC3673EF}&ID=1579&RootFolder=*">Katrina M. Waselmann</a>

Author 2

<a onclick="OpenPopUpPage('{7AAD61FA-4BCB-48C0-B0B7-87AFDC3673EF}&ID=1563&RootFolder=*', RefreshPage); return false;" href="{7AAD61FA-4BCB-48C0-B0B7-87AFDC3673EF}&ID=1563&RootFolder=*">Annie Ro</a>

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<a onclick="OpenPopUpPage('{7AAD61FA-4BCB-48C0-B0B7-87AFDC3673EF}&ID=623&RootFolder=*', RefreshPage); return false;" href="{7AAD61FA-4BCB-48C0-B0B7-87AFDC3673EF}&ID=623&RootFolder=*">Gilbert Gee, Ph.D.</a>

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​Although immigrants are healthier than non-immigrants on numerous outcomes, the reverse appears to be true with regards to food insecurity. Most studies ignore heterogeneity in the risk for food insecurity within immigration status and by ethnicity, even though significant variation likely exists. Authors consider how immigration status and ethnicity are related to trends in food insecurity among Latinos and Asians in California from 2001 through 2011. Data come from the 2001 to 2011 restricted California Health Interview Survey (n=245,679). Latinos and Asians were categorized as U.S.-born, naturalized/legal permanent residents (naturalized/LPR), and non-LPRs (students, temporary workers, refugees, and undocumented persons). Multivariable weighted logistic regression analyses assessed temporal trends over the 10-year period after adjustment for demographics, socioeconomic characteristics, and program participation.

Findings: Across this period, U.S.-born Asians reported similar levels of food insecurity as U.S.-born Whites. Conversely, Latinos, regardless of immigration status or nativity, and Asian immigrants (i.e., naturalized/LPR and non-LPR) reported greater food insecurity than U.S.-born Whites. Further, from 2001 through 2009, non-LPR Latinos reported higher risk of food insecurity than naturalized/LPR Latinos. Thus, food insecurity differs between ethnic groups, but also differs within ethnic group by immigration status. Efforts to reduce food insecurity should consider the additional barriers to access that are faced by immigrants, particularly those without legal permanent residency.


Article 1

Journal Article: Trends in Food Insecurity Among California Residents from 2001 to 2011: Inequities at the Intersection of Immigration Status and Ethnicity

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Press Release

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California Health Interview Survey (CHIS)

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Created at 2/26/2019 10:50 AM by i:0#.f|uclachissqlmembershipprovider|celeste
Last modified at 2/26/2019 11:09 AM by i:0#.f|uclachissqlmembershipprovider|celeste