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Chronically Homeless Women's Perceived Deterrents to Contraception (Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health)

Publication Topics

Uninsured; Women; Health Behaviors; Population Focus; Health Promotion/Disease Prevention Issues

Publication Type

Journal Article

Publication Date


Author 1

<a onclick="OpenPopUpPage('{7AAD61FA-4BCB-48C0-B0B7-87AFDC3673EF}&ID=487&RootFolder=*', RefreshPage); return false;" href="{7AAD61FA-4BCB-48C0-B0B7-87AFDC3673EF}&ID=487&RootFolder=*">Lillian Gelberg, M.D., M.S.P.H.</a>

Author 2

<a onclick="OpenPopUpPage('{7AAD61FA-4BCB-48C0-B0B7-87AFDC3673EF}&ID=7&RootFolder=*', RefreshPage); return false;" href="{7AAD61FA-4BCB-48C0-B0B7-87AFDC3673EF}&ID=7&RootFolder=*">Barbara D. Leake</a>

Author 3

<a onclick="OpenPopUpPage('{7AAD61FA-4BCB-48C0-B0B7-87AFDC3673EF}&ID=626&RootFolder=*', RefreshPage); return false;" href="{7AAD61FA-4BCB-48C0-B0B7-87AFDC3673EF}&ID=626&RootFolder=*">Michael C. Lu</a>

Author 4

<a onclick="OpenPopUpPage('{7AAD61FA-4BCB-48C0-B0B7-87AFDC3673EF}&ID=428&RootFolder=*', RefreshPage); return false;" href="{7AAD61FA-4BCB-48C0-B0B7-87AFDC3673EF}&ID=428&RootFolder=*">Ronald M. Andersen, PhD</a>

Author 5

<a onclick="OpenPopUpPage('{7AAD61FA-4BCB-48C0-B0B7-87AFDC3673EF}&ID=620&RootFolder=*', RefreshPage); return false;" href="{7AAD61FA-4BCB-48C0-B0B7-87AFDC3673EF}&ID=620&RootFolder=*">Adeline M. Nyamathi</a>

Author 6

<a onclick="OpenPopUpPage('{7AAD61FA-4BCB-48C0-B0B7-87AFDC3673EF}&ID=534&RootFolder=*', RefreshPage); return false;" href="{7AAD61FA-4BCB-48C0-B0B7-87AFDC3673EF}&ID=534&RootFolder=*">Hal Morgenstern</a>

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CONTEXT: Despite the growing number of homeless women of reproductive age, little is known about their reproductive health and contraceptive use.

METHODS: A representative sample of 974 currently homeless women surveyed in Los Angeles County in 1997 included 229 who were chronically homeless and at risk for unintended pregnancy. The relationships between perceived deterrents among these women and their frequency of contraceptive use were evaluated using chi-square tests. Logistic regression analyses were performed to identify independent predictors of contraceptive deterrents.

RESULTS: The most commonly cited deterrents to contraceptive use were side effects, fear of potential health risks, partner's dislike of contraception and cost (20-27%). Women who reported substantial deterrents were significantly less likely than others to use contraceptives consistently. Perceived deterrents differed by women's characteristics: Hispanic women were more likely than whites to view not knowing how to use contraceptives or which method to use as a deterrent (odds ratios, 9.6-9.8); black women were more likely than whites to cite not knowing which method to use (4.0), lack of storage (5.5), health risks (6.0) and discomfort (3.3). Women with a history of drug abuse had elevated odds of citing not knowing how to use contraceptives, uncertainty about which method to use and cost as deterrents (5.2-7.7).

CONCLUSION: Homeless women report substantial deterrents that reduce their contraceptive use. The multiplicity and heterogeneity of their perceived deterrents suggest a need for reproductive health services that are more integrated and culturally competent than those currently offered.

Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health, 2002, 34(6):278-285


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Version: 2.0
Created at 9/27/2011 11:58 AM by Harout Katerjian
Last modified at 1/10/2013 4:13 PM by i:0#.f|uclachissqlmembershipprovider|jonathan