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Predictors of Never Having a Mammogram Among Chinese, Vietnamese, and Korean Immigrant Women in the U.S. (PLOS One)

Publication Topics

California Health Interview Survey; 2005 California Health Interview Survey (CHIS 2005); 2007 California Health Interview Survey (CHIS 2007); 2009 California Health Interview Survey (CHIS 2009); 2011 California Health Interview Survey (CHIS 2011); Health Promotion/Disease Prevention Issues; Cancer; Asian; Women

Publication Type

CHIS Journal Article

Publication Date


Author 1

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Author 2

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​Authors’ objective was to investigate predictors (including ethnicity) of never having a mammogram in middle-aged and older Chinese, Vietnamese, and Korean immigrant women (main effects). The second objective was to explore whether relationships between predictors and never having a mammogram varied across the three groups (moderation effects of ethnicity).

Merged (2005-2007-2009-2011) California Health Interview Survey data were used. Unweighted sample was 3,710 Asian women ages 40 years and older (Chinese = 1,389; Vietnamese = 1,094; Korean = 1,227). Replicate weighted total sample size was 1,710,233 (Chinese = 940,000; Vietnamese = 410,000; Korean = 360,000). Replicate-weighted multivariate logistic regression was applied. Interaction effects (moderator role of ethnicity) were also examined, using multivariate logistic regression, for the second objective.

Authors found that for the first objective, odds of never having a mammogram were higher for women who were Korean (Ref = Vietnamese), unmarried, or a non-U.S. citizen. Odds were lower in women ages 50-59 or 60-69 (Ref = 70-85). Regarding the second objective, only for Chinese women, odds of never having a mammogram were lower as the number of physician visits got higher.


Article 1

Journal Article: Predictors of Never Having a Mammogram Among Chinese, Vietnamese, and Korean Immigrant Women in the U.S.

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Press Release

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California Health Interview Survey (CHIS)

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Last modified at 11/10/2019 6:27 PM by i:0#.f|uclachissqlmembershipprovider|celeste