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Defining Gentrification for Epidemiologic Research: A Systematic Review (PLoS One)

Publication Topics

California Health Interview Survey; 2007 California Health Interview Survey (CHIS 2007); 2009 California Health Interview Survey (CHIS 2009); 2011 California Health Interview Survey (CHIS 2011); 2015 California Health Interview Survey (CHIS 2015); Health Status and Conditions; Urban/Rural Populations

Publication Type

CHIS Journal Article

Publication Date


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Summary: Neighborhoods have a profound impact on individual health. There is growing interest in the role of dynamic changes to neighborhoods – including gentrification – on the health of residents. However, research on the association between gentrification and health is limited, partly due to the numerous definitions used to define gentrification. This article presents a systematic review of the current state of literature describing the association between gentrification and health. In addition, it provides a novel framework for addressing important next steps in this research. A total of 1,393 unique articles were identified, 122 abstracts were reviewed, and 36 articles published from 2007–2020 were included. Of the 36 articles, 9 were qualitative, 24 were quantitative, and 3 were review papers. 

Findings: There was no universally accepted definition of gentrification; definitions often used socioeconomic variables describing demographics, housing, education, and income. Health outcomes associated with gentrification included self-reported health, preterm birth, mental health conditions, alcohol use, psychosocial factors, and health care utilization, though the direction of this association varied. 

The results of this review also suggest that the impact of gentrification on health is not uniform across populations. For example, marginalized populations, such as Black residents and the elderly, were impacted more than white and younger residents. In addition, authors identified multiples gaps in the research, including the need for a conceptual model, future mechanistic studies, and interventions. 

This study cites 2006–2010, 2011, and 2015 California Health Interview Survey (CHIS) data.


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Journal Article: Defining Gentrification for Epidemiologic Research: A Systematic Review

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Press Release

Related Link 1

California Health Interview Survey (CHIS)

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Version: 3.0
Created at 10/28/2020 12:25 PM by i:0#.f|uclachissqlmembershipprovider|celeste
Last modified at 11/3/2020 8:21 PM by i:0#.f|uclachissqlmembershipprovider|venetia