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Income Disparities Widen the Gap in Oral Health of California Adults

Publication Topics

California Health Interview Survey; 2017 California Health Interview Survey (CHIS 2017); 2018 California Health Interview Survey (CHIS 2018); Access to Health Care; Barriers to/Disparities in Health Care; Costs of Care for the Uninsured; Dental/Oral Health; Health Care Delivery System; Low-Income

Publication Type

Policy Brief

Publication Date


Author 1

<a onclick="OpenPopUpPage('http:\u002f\\u002f_layouts\u002flistform.aspx?PageType=4\u0026ListId={7AAD61FA-4BCB-48C0-B0B7-87AFDC3673EF}\u0026ID=94\u0026RootFolder=*', RefreshPage); return false;" href=";ListId={7AAD61FA-4BCB-48C0-B0B7-87AFDC3673EF}&amp;ID=94&amp;RootFolder=*">Nadereh Pourat, PhD</a>

Author 2

<a onclick="OpenPopUpPage('http:\u002f\\u002f_layouts\u002flistform.aspx?PageType=4\u0026ListId={7AAD61FA-4BCB-48C0-B0B7-87AFDC3673EF}\u0026ID=1577\u0026RootFolder=*', RefreshPage); return false;" href=";ListId={7AAD61FA-4BCB-48C0-B0B7-87AFDC3673EF}&amp;ID=1577&amp;RootFolder=*">Maria Ditter,, M.P.H.</a>

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Summary: Social determinants of health are increasingly acknowledged as barriers to improving population health, particularly among people who experience multiple disadvantages, such as low income and poor health. Evidence indicates that socioeconomic and environmental factors play a similar role in oral health status. Using data from the 2017 and 2018 California Health Interview Surveys (CHIS), authors explored the association of these factors with poor oral health among California adults. 

Findings: Author analyses confirmed that most of the factors studied were associated with poor oral health, and that adults with the lowest income experienced greater disparities. Findings indicate the need for multifaceted and systemic interventions that include promoting oral health education and oral health literacy and expanding access to oral health care for adults. Findings also indicate the need for assessment of oral health status through screening tools for nondental health care providers and organizations, and subsequent delivery of patient-centered services that address the needs of the whole person.


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Policy Brief: Income Disparities Widen the Gap in Oral Health of California Adults

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Related Infographic: Oral Health of Californians Differs by Where They Live

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Press Release

Related Link 1

California Health Interview Survey (CHIS)

Related Link 2

The California Wellness Foundation

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Version: 11.0
Created at 11/12/2020 2:33 PM by i:0#.f|uclachissqlmembershipprovider|celeste
Last modified at 11/30/2020 8:33 AM by Elaiza Torralba