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Health‐Related Influences of Extending Marital Benefits to Same‐Sex Couples: Results from the California Health Interview Survey (Family Relations)

Publication Topics

California Health Interview Survey; 2005 California Health Interview Survey (CHIS 2005); 2007 California Health Interview Survey (CHIS 2007); 2009 California Health Interview Survey (CHIS 2009); 2011 California Health Interview Survey (CHIS 2011); 2012 California Health Interview Survey (CHIS 2012); 2013 California Health Interview Survey (CHIS 2013); 2014 California Health Interview Survey (CHIS 2014); 2015 California Health Interview Survey (CHIS 2015); 2016 California Health Interview Survey (CHIS 2016); 2017 California Health Interview Survey (CHIS 2017); 2018 California Health Interview Survey (CHIS 2018); Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender; Mental and Emotional Health

Publication Type

CHIS Journal Article

Publication Date


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<a onclick="OpenPopUpPage('http:\u002f\\u002f_layouts\u002flistform.aspx?PageType=4\u0026ListId={7AAD61FA-4BCB-48C0-B0B7-87AFDC3673EF}\u0026ID=1423\u0026RootFolder=*', RefreshPage); return false;" href=";ListId={7AAD61FA-4BCB-48C0-B0B7-87AFDC3673EF}&amp;ID=1423&amp;RootFolder=*">William N. Elwood</a>

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<a onclick="OpenPopUpPage('http:\u002f\\u002f_layouts\u002flistform.aspx?PageType=4\u0026ListId={7AAD61FA-4BCB-48C0-B0B7-87AFDC3673EF}\u0026ID=151\u0026RootFolder=*', RefreshPage); return false;" href=";ListId={7AAD61FA-4BCB-48C0-B0B7-87AFDC3673EF}&amp;ID=151&amp;RootFolder=*">et al</a>

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​Summary: To explore how incremental California legal changes toward the implementation of same‐sex marriage influenced self‐reported mental and physical health among adult Californians in legal same‐sex marriages and partnerships.

Authors analyzed California Health Interview Survey data from 2005 to 2015 to assess the relationship between self‐reported mental and physical health and legal same‐sex marital/partnership status.

Findings: Reports of poor and fair health decreased, reports of very good health increased, and psychological distress scores decreased for legally coupled gay men and lesbians but increased slightly for single lesbians and gay men. Household income increased among espoused lesbians and gay men and decreased among unmarried counterparts.
Espoused gay and lesbian respondents were more likely to be employed and to have college educations than unmarried counterparts, perhaps a continuing influence of 2005 California legislation requiring private employers to provide health insurance benefits to employees' same‐sex partners. Findings suggest that physical and mental health improved for lesbians and gay men once same‐sex marriage became legal throughout California.
These findings demonstrate a need for survey questions to elicit information about marital status and the sex/gender of a respondent's spouse inclusive of sexual and gender identities.


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Journal Article: Health‐Related Influences of Extending Marital Benefits to Same‐Sex Couples: Results from the California Health Interview Survey

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Press Release

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California Health Interview Survey (CHIS)

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Version: 2.0
Created at 11/16/2020 11:07 PM by i:0#.f|uclachissqlmembershipprovider|celeste
Last modified at 11/16/2020 11:10 PM by i:0#.f|uclachissqlmembershipprovider|celeste