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Title

Relationship Between Employment Type and Self-Rated Health Among Korean Immigrants in the U.S.: Focusing on Gender and Number of Years in the U.S. (International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health)

Publication Topics

California Health Interview Survey; 2016 California Health Interview Survey (CHIS 2016); Immigrant; Asian; Survey Research

Publication Type

CHIS Journal Article

Publication Date

2021-02-09T08:00:00Z

Author 1

<a onclick="OpenPopUpPage('http:\u002f\u002faskchisne.ucla.edu\u002f_layouts\u002flistform.aspx?PageType=4\u0026ListId={7AAD61FA-4BCB-48C0-B0B7-87AFDC3673EF}\u0026ID=1859\u0026RootFolder=*', RefreshPage); return false;" href="http://askchisne.ucla.edu/_layouts/listform.aspx?PageType=4&amp;ListId={7AAD61FA-4BCB-48C0-B0B7-87AFDC3673EF}&amp;ID=1859&amp;RootFolder=*">Sou Hyun Jang</a>

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Abstract

Summary: Korean immigrants report worse self-rated health and a higher self-employment rate than other Asian immigrant groups, the relationship between their employment type and self-rated health is understudied. This study examines the relationship between employment type and self-rated health among Korean immigrants in the U.S. Survey data of 421 first-generation working-age (18–64 years old) Korean immigrants in the New York–New Jersey area were analyzed. The self-administrated survey questionnaire included 39 items (e.g., sociodemographic characteristics, self-rated health, and health insurance status). A logistic regression analysis was conducted to examine the relationship between the dependent variable — self-rated health (e.g., bad/not bad vs. good/very good) — and independent variable — employment type (e.g., work at non-ethnic firms, work at co-ethnic firms, self-employed, and unemployed) — by focusing on differences regarding gender and number of years living in the U.S.

Findings: Self-employed and unemployed Korean immigrants were less likely to report good health compared to those working in non-ethnic firms. After controlling for sociodemographic characteristics (age, gender, marital status, education, health insurance status, membership in any Korean association, religion, and English proficiency), the relationship between employment type and self-rated health remained significant among female and recent Korean immigrants. More worksite interventions by occupational health nurses that target self-employed Korean immigrants, especially women and recent immigrants, are necessary.

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Journal Article: Relationship Between Employment Type and Self-Rated Health Among Korean Immigrants in the U.S.: Focusing on Gender and Number of Years in the U.S.

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Press Release

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California Health Interview Survey (CHIS)

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Last modified at 3/11/2021 9:21 AM by i:0#.f|uclachissqlmembershipprovider|celeste