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Title

Heat Waves and Rising Temperatures: Human Health Impacts and the Determinants of Vulnerability (chapter in the "Climate Change and the Global Public Health" handbook)

Publication Topics

Social Determinants; Health Status and Conditions; General Health; Elderly

Publication Type

External Publication

Publication Date

2020-11-24T08:00:00Z

Author 1

<a onclick="OpenPopUpPage('http:\u002f\u002faskchisne.ucla.edu\u002f_layouts\u002flistform.aspx?PageType=4\u0026ListId={7AAD61FA-4BCB-48C0-B0B7-87AFDC3673EF}\u0026ID=756\u0026RootFolder=*', RefreshPage); return false;" href="http://askchisne.ucla.edu/_layouts/listform.aspx?PageType=4&amp;ListId={7AAD61FA-4BCB-48C0-B0B7-87AFDC3673EF}&amp;ID=756&amp;RootFolder=*"> F. Lurmann</a>

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<a onclick="OpenPopUpPage('http:\u002f\u002faskchisne.ucla.edu\u002f_layouts\u002flistform.aspx?PageType=4\u0026ListId={7AAD61FA-4BCB-48C0-B0B7-87AFDC3673EF}\u0026ID=1874\u0026RootFolder=*', RefreshPage); return false;" href="http://askchisne.ucla.edu/_layouts/listform.aspx?PageType=4&amp;ListId={7AAD61FA-4BCB-48C0-B0B7-87AFDC3673EF}&amp;ID=1874&amp;RootFolder=*">Helene G. Margolis</a>

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Abstract

Summary: Globally, heat waves account for dramatic increases in mortality and morbidity; however, there is increasing awareness that day-to-day increases in temperature contribute to a significant risk of heat-related morbidity and mortality (HRMM) that over one or more warm seasons may exceed the public health burden of heat waves. Climate change has already and will continue to increase both average ambient temperatures and the frequency and intensity of excursions above those averages (i.e., heat waves or extreme heat events) and will thereby lead directly and indirectly to amplification of the risk of HRMM. 

This chapter in the “Climate Change and the Global Public Health” handbook provides a brief synopsis of the author’s current knowledge about thermoregulation, thermotolerance, and the pathophysiology of heat stroke, and the multiple determinants of health and illness that influence the risk of HRMM and that collectively define vulnerability. A particular focus is on two vulnerable populations, older adults and children. An Environmental Health Multiple-Determinants Model of Vulnerability is presented as a conceptual framework to integrate that knowledge, with the intent of providing a tool that can facilitate compilation and translation of the information to interventions and adaptation strategies relevant at the individual level and/or subpopulation and population levels and at one or more geopolitical scales in developing and/or developed nations. Three overarching strategies for HRMM risk reduction are discussed, including Extreme Heat Event and Warm Season Heat Preparedness and Response Action Plans, Promote Good Health and Access to Quality Healthcare (reduces risk and increases resiliency), and Reduce/Manage Potential Exposure(s) (individual, community) to Ambient Heat and Other Physical Environmental Stressors. A key focus of this chapter is on integration and translation of knowledge.

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Article 1

Chapter: Heat Waves and Rising Temperatures: Human Health Impacts and the Determinants of Vulnerability

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Press Release

Related Link 1

Related Policy Brief: The Health Status and Unique Health Challenges of Rural Older Adults in California

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Created at 4/8/2021 1:53 PM by i:0#.f|uclachissqlmembershipprovider|celeste
Last modified at 4/12/2021 3:03 PM by i:0#.f|uclachissqlmembershipprovider|celeste