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Socio-Demographics and Asthma Prevalence, Management, and Outcomes Among Children 1–11 Years of Age in California (Global Health Research and Policy)

Publication Topics

2001 CA Health Interview Survey (CHIS 2001); 2003 California Health Interview Survey (CHIS 2003); 2005 California Health Interview Survey (CHIS 2005); 2007 California Health Interview Survey (CHIS 2007); 2009 California Health Interview Survey (CHIS 2009); 2011 California Health Interview Survey (CHIS 2011); 2012 California Health Interview Survey (CHIS 2012); 2013 California Health Interview Survey (CHIS 2013); 2014 California Health Interview Survey (CHIS 2014); 2015 California Health Interview Survey (CHIS 2015); Asthma; Child Development; Adolescents/Children; Low-Income

Publication Type

CHIS Journal Article

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<a onclick="OpenPopUpPage('http:\u002f\\u002f_layouts\u002flistform.aspx?PageType=4\u0026ListId={7AAD61FA-4BCB-48C0-B0B7-87AFDC3673EF}\u0026ID=328\u0026RootFolder=*', RefreshPage); return false;" href=";ListId={7AAD61FA-4BCB-48C0-B0B7-87AFDC3673EF}&amp;ID=328&amp;RootFolder=*">Jim E. Banta</a>

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Summary: Asthma disproportionately affects minority and low-income children. Researchers examined asthma prevalence, management and outcomes, focusing on race/ethnicity and acculturation of parents (particularly English language proficiency).

This cross-sectional, correlational analysis used a de-identified population-based survey, the California Health Interview Survey (CHIS), for years 2001–2015. Survey-weighted analysis with SAS 9.4 was used to determine asthma prevalence among children 1 to 11 years of age. Descriptive analysis was conducted, adjusting for survey design and combination of multiple years of data. The Pearson test, using design-based F values was used to determine statistically significant differences between those having/not having a doctor diagnosis of asthma.

Findings: The 61,625 completed surveys represented an estimated annual population of 5.7 million children, of which 12.9 % had asthma. There were significant differences by age, gender, race, and language proficiency, with higher asthma prevalence for children 6 to 11 years of age (15.5 %), males (15.3 %), African Americans (19.5 %), and parents speaking English very well (14.1 %). Compared to children whose parents spoke English very well, those whose parents spoke English not well or not at all were less likely to achieve optimal asthma management, i.e. to have received a management plan from doctor, to be currently taking medication to control asthma, or to be not confident in ability to control asthma. Children whose parents spoke English fairly well rather than very well had worse outcomes, i.e. were more likely to have an emergency room visit in past 12 months and were more likely to miss school due to asthma in past 12 months.

Socio-demographics had a limited role in explaining differences across a handful of asthma management and outcome measures in California. Parental English language proficiency had the most consistent influence, underscoring the need for culturally and linguistically competent care.


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Journal Article: Socio-Demographics and Asthma Prevalence, Management, and Outcomes Among Children 1–11 Years of Age in California

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Press Release

Related Link 1

California Health Interview Survey (CHIS)

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Last modified at 6/24/2021 7:05 PM by i:0#.f|uclachissqlmembershipprovider|venetia